In many cases, the last two factors always win, and both of them are related to lucrative careers such as laws and medical science. In my opinion, educational Institutions should not Interfere with students' decision by encouraging them to choose areas that will prepare them for lucrative careers, but should respect students' own interests. Personally, majors should be based on one's own interests rather than whether those fields could create students' large profits. Career is a part of life, and the quality of one's career would decide the quality of one's life.
According to Mason's research of need, the top two levels are self-realization and self-esteem. Although many people still gain success in their unlinked field and gain those two levels, large percent of people would not be motivated when doing the Job that they do not like. For those people, lucrative careers could only meet their most fundamental need, that is, the need for food. Even if educational institutions do not actively encourage students to choose the majors related to lucrative careers, many students would also choose such majors because of being driven by money, let alone purposely lead dents to choose such majors.
Taking students' real needs for self-realization and self-esteem, school institutions should not try to manipulate students' own choice of fields by purposely encouragement. To sum it up, although the encouragements of choosing fields of study that will prepare them for lucrative careers would bring educational institutions many profits, for example, rich alumni, the institutions should not actively adopt such measurements, but to take more influence Into consideration, such as students' own Interests or the balanced career development of a society.